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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 6, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major
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corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> reporting from washington, i am kaine brian. around the world, attributes for apple founder steve jobs, the man whose vision transformed technology. >> how many products around the world are you like, i love this. i enjoy doing my work on this product. that is what apple products are some many people. >> republican sarah palin decides against a presidential bid. what does that mean for the rest of the field? and cycling for a cause.
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joining forces of for a new mission. welcome to our viewers some pbs in america and also around the globe. from the president of the united states to ipad users worldwide, the tributes are flowing for apple founder steve jobs. his visionary spirit transform the lives of millions. he died at the age of 56 after a battle with pancreatic cancer. as our technology correspondent reports, he leaves an enormous legacy. >> we're going to make some history together today. >> a man with a sense of theater and charisma rare in the technology world. to steve jobs, this and other apple products were revolutionary. >> good morning. can i help you? >> yes, i would like to order
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4000 coffees to go, please. just kidding. >> tributes, too, from his greatest rival. bill gates says the world has rarely seen a man with the impact steve has had. even the president used water to show condolences'. -- used twitter to show condolences'. >> he had a tremendous charisma, and he believed things so passionately that you would believe them. >> steve jobs, adopted as a baby and later a college dropout, was always determined to follow its own path. more than 30 years ago with apple's co-founder steve wozniak he said out to bring personal computers into the home. >> almost any time we had discussions about how something
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should be done, he was almost always right. >> the drive for perfection made him a demanding colleague, but he persuaded consumers to pay top prices for gadgets like the iphone and the ipad that look and often worked better than their rivals. and when he was forced out of apple for more than a decade, it changed another industry with picks are. he pioneered the animation unit. he tells students at stanford university that facing death brought things into focus. >> your time is limited, so do not waste living someone else's life. do not be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people's thinking. to not let the noise of other people's opinions drowned out your inner voice. have the courage to follow your own heart. they somehow already know what
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you truly want. >> steve visionary who used technology to change the way we live. >> for more, i spoke to david willis outside apple's headquarters in california. i asked him how the mood was there. >> a very somber. a makeshift memorial has been set up, and there are a lot of flowers and simple messages. things like "you inspired me and that sort of thing. officially, apple plans a private celebration of his life, but that will be for employees only. there are no plans for a public memorial of any kind. this will mean it is effectively
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business as usual here. >> what about the tribune's. . you people get accolades -- very few people get accolades like this. >> i encountered a frankfurt software engineer who had a brief conversation with steve jobs about 10 years ago, and yet felt so compelled to come here when he heard the news of steve jobs' death. similarly to a young lad in their mid-20's who were working in a couple store in chicago and there were so enamored of the egos, they moved here to silicon valley and have set up there and startup business. those are the sort of people who will be coming here of the next few days.
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to visit the makeshift memorial. >> thank you for joining us. so, what does the future role for apple without steve jobs? for more on his influence in the void left now, i spoke to our correspondent in new york. >> without the visionary leader, where is the company go from here? >> i think the question is, was steve jobs bigger than apple or is apple bigger than steve jobs? there will be a lot of speculation as to whether tim cook can lead this country or be a force to innovate. on the other hand, of course, he was a pioneer and a visionary. he really brought apple back to the brink of being irrelevant back in the late 1990's.
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he has been at apple for about 14 years. he does not have the same personality as steve jobs, but you could argue the products are such a part of our lives, they have permeated our culture some much they can continue that momentum. is not an easy question to answer in the short term. >> this is not just about out all. is there anybody else out there takeover this iconic status apple was endured for so long. -- has achieved for so long. >> that is the top boy to fill. he founded the company in 1976. -- that is a tough void to fill. google, facebook, but these are more software companies.
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although google is getting into the harbor space with android and so forth. apple pushed the idea of technology being elegant and stylish and having emotional connection with the product. there are very few companies that have gone down that path, although apple has forced many to try to stay with the. >> where you think the next technology relation will come from. >> i think it will come from more garages in places like silicon valley. new york is a popular place for new tech companies. elsewhere around the world, we are seeing startup companies and grass-roots organizations finding cool ideas and products. you do not necessarily have to millions of dollars to come up with that cool idea and potentially become the next steve jobs, although that is a tall order. >> thank you. >> my pleasure. >> moving now to the global
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economy and the stories making news around the world today. the european central bank has announced it will make unlimited loans to banks for a year to stave off a credit crunch. back here in the u.s., president obama made another pitch for his jobs bill in a televised news conference. the benefit is scheduled to take up the $450 bill next week. mr. obama says the bill will guard against another downturn even if the situation in europe worsens. meanwhile, the practice is spreading against what demonstrators claim as corporate greed. the occupied wall street movement is about to enter its third week, and today, people rallied in washington, d.c. in the shadow of the u.s. capital. in more on what is driving this
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discontent, i spoke to dr. michael lewis, whose latest book "boomerang" takes people to the center of the crisis. you say, no one is running the world. you say it at moments of crisis, you realize no one is in charge. is that what we are seeing? >> not exactly. i do not think the protest on wall street are the result of the crisis of three years ago. we had this profound active and fairness where wall street firms, directly responsible for the financial crisis -- at of unfairness were wall street firms, directly responsible for the financial crisis, had to be bailed out by the government to apparently save the economy. they themselves get saved, and what do they do? the turnaround and they
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frustrate any efforts to reform them. that coupled with the fact that a lot of people are suffering as a result of the financial crisis -- it has created capitalism with a room and for anyone except for the capitalists. >> are countries like greece capable of reform? >> the sort of changes that would require grease it to become a decent the citizens of the euro -- greece to become decent citizens of the hero, it will take generations. you have a competitive private sector. those and other things you can impose on the outside the bank that gives to people's basic attitudes and beliefs.
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the pattern and behavior. i do not see how that changes quickly. >> so, if greece cannot change in germany is so different, can they coexist properly? >> in the united states, mississippi is much less productive than indiana, and there are these transfers to go on. but because there is total fiscal integration and the transfers become invisible to the general population. short of that, i think the euro cannot survive. that is what will be required. total fiscal integration. the politicians are trying to make it happen against the will of the their electorates, and my guess is it falls apart, maybe not into 17 different pieces, but a few different pieces.
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>> thank you for joining us. as racine, the economy promises to be the key issue in the 2012 presidential campaign. but after last night there is one more candidate, who will not be joining the field. sarah palin kept the american public guessing for years -- four weeks, but in the end, she decided against throwing her hat in the ring. >> passionate and polarizing, loved and loathed. sarah palin rose from obscurity as the governor of alaska, as a candidate for vice president. she was easy to mock, but hard to ignore. >> you know they say the difference between a hockey mom and apple? lipstick. >> swinging and hand back in one hand and a handgun in the other. >> mother, ms. hunter, american.
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>> she was perilously thin _ snee. once describing north korea as an ally. >> the proximity of the state did you? >> they are our next neighbors. you can actually see russia from land here in alaska. >> what newspapers and magazines did you regularly read? >> any of them that were in front of me over all these years. >> let's get the fish before the bear gets the fish. >> she became the star of her own tv show. >> that was a eureka mama. do you love your freedom? >> she launched a movement
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against the white house. but now she is formally standing to one side. >> as a candidate, really you are unshackled. you're allowed to be even more active. i was born to helping coordinate the strategies that will assist in replacing our president. >> she should be except -- expected to continue playing an important role rallying against right-wing causes and candidates. it clears the field to see which republican will stand and fight against obama in next year's election. of the eight candidates on stage, only to, perhaps three, look really serious. is now the party, country, and donors they must turn to. >> another news, colonel gaddafi has appealed to his supporters to take the the streets and
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demonstrate against the new interim administration. in a message broadcast by syrian tv, colonel gaddafi warned countries that recognize the new leaders that they, too, could be replaced by international intervention. the death toll in syria has risen to more than 2900 cents -- began in march. the latest figures do not include those who remain unaccounted for. and a court in chile lifted a suspension order in patagonia that had been issued following objections by environmentalists. still to come on tonight's program -- 10 years after the nato-led in asian of
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afghanistan, where has the international aid to the country -- invasion of afghanistan, where has all the international aid to the country contacts a new exhibition has opened in london dedicated to mexican miracle painting. the show brings together pictures and trinkets, often in return for divine intervention. our reporter has been a long to see it. >> mexicans do not just great to their saints for help. help comes along in commission are. the tableau is the name for these works. mayra done on a roof tiles or small plaques and they are now the focus of a major international exhibition. >> this was taken from a single church in rural mexico. there's a curious mix of the old and the new. here is a traditional scene of divine intervention on the deathbed. here is a modern twist. a man on a hospital bed.
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>> very moving and very simple. just one small figure on the bed and extraordinary long comic-book tales. >> it is in decline. today, it is more likely that clothing or letters will be appended to the wall of the local church as the thank you for saintly help. >> from the 1970's onward, this is what you see in most mexican churches. >> the paintings represent the tumultuous dramas ofeveryday life. from mining strikes to runaway cows, --
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lightning strikes to run away cows, these are stories from those who live to tell the tale. >> president obama says he is troubled by some of pakistan's relations with the u.s. in afghanistan. but he says the fight against al-qaeda in the region would not have been possible without pakistan's help. a decade after the invasion, afghanistan wants aid for 10 million people this winter and is facing an unprecedented drought. but where are the billions already spent by the international community. david lloyd has gone to find out. >> this is a wheat field, but was no rain, nothing group. people were facing starvation. working age men have gone to try
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to find work. they came back here to rebuild their lives. now they wonder if it is time to move on again. is a tough life. his wife died while she was traveling to a hospital to have their job. is says he does not remember drought like this. nothing grew and he had to sell on the sheep. -- all this sheet. more afghans are poor and hungry than they were work -- were 10 years ago. a stagnant puddle. water may not be flowing here, but this is the largest recipient of aid in the world. they've received $150 billion in 10 years. most of that is the cost of fighting the war and security.
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$33 billion or so came in 8. -- in aid. aid accounts for 90% of afghan gdp. where has the money gone? back to countries like the u.s., leaving nothing behind. >> i think it is going to the pockets of the contractors and even more so to the companies that are contacting here under various u.s. governmental agencies. >> afghanistan as trying to pay for itself. these people are registering to pay tax, the result of a program to encourage tax collection. but they say international support has never been consistent. >> ngo's and companies and
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military spending has been done without consultation the government of afghanistan. it cannot hold them responsible. >> despite all the aid spending, there's not electricity in most of the capital city. this duality teacher expects to be marking books --- geology teacher expects to be marking books by candlelight tenure son. bbc news, kabul. >> veterans injured in the line of duty are taking on a different mission. service members from britain and america are joining forces for an extraordinary trans-atlantic challenge. our correspondent has the details. >> a potent reminder of the reality of war. these soldiers want to show injury will not prevent them
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from the testing of physical endurance. >> does it make me look fat? >> we always like lines. >> the lot british charities and one american art attempting to reinforce bonds created on the battlefield. is also about learning from each other. >> young soldiers of hours have learned how americans cope with injuries, got on madera -- young soldiers of ours have learned all americans cope with injuries, got on with their lives. >> this special relationship is alive and well. >> we work with them and operations. obviously to see them go through the same stuff as us, it helps
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us get better, basically. >> how important is this to year? >> it reinforces that camaraderie on the battlefield. we're here together again. >> behind the cheers and smiles, there are mental and physical scars. bbc news. >> returning to our main story, the death of technology titan steve jobs he was an inspiring speaker did not shy away from talking about life-and-death. during a commencement speech at stanford university in 2005, he delivered this poignant message which is worth another lesson. >> no one wants to die. even people who want to go to heaven do not want to die to get their. and yet, death is the destination we all share. no one has ever escape it.
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and that is how it should be. that is the single best invention of life. is life changing. it clears up the old to make way for the new. your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what it you believe as great work, and the only way to believe you are doing great work is to love what you do. as with all matters of the heart, you know when you find at. the relationship just gets better and better. keep looking. do not settle. [applause] >> steve jobs, who died yesterday at the age of 56, but whose influence will continue to be felt around the world. that brings us to the end of today's broadcast. remember you can always get constant updates on our website. for all of us, thank you for watching. we will see you back here
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tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more
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efficiently. let's go. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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